Unesco celebrates 75 years of action for culture

Twenty-eight heads of state and government celebrated on Friday in Paris the 75th anniversary of Unesco, a UN organization created in 1946 on the ruins of the Second World War, which aspires to build peace through culture, science and education. Its ambitious motto is engraved in ten languages ​​on a stone wall erected in its Parisian headquarters: “As wars begin in the minds of men, it is in the minds of men that the defenses of the peace”. If this pious wish has not withstood the test of reality, the deadly conflicts having never ceased, the organization shows many successes. “It is an immense idea, after the censures, the stigmatizations and the autodafés (of the second world conflict, editor's note), to consider as universal what each civilization, each culture, produced of more beautiful”, recognized the First French Minister Jean Castex. Unesco is waging “the only just war, the only one worth waging, that against ignorance,” he continued. “It has been 75 years of multilateral solidarity and we must continue for another 75 years,” said Ghanaian President Nana Akufo Addo, who was speaking in an institution historically visited by the greatest intellectuals and artists: the Spanish painter Pablo Picasso to South African President Nelson Mandela, passing by the French anthropologist Claude Lévi Strauss, who in 1952 delivered a plea against racism. The UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres praised in an online video an organization “at the center of the UN network”, when Pope Francis, also from a distance, described Unesco as “the privileged interlocutor of the Holy See at the service of peace, of peoples' solidarity (…) and of the protection of the cultural heritage of humanity “.